Saturday, May 23, 2020

The And Punishment Of The United Nations - 1640 Words

Impunity is defined as an exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action. More specific, it refers to the failure to bring perpetrators of human rights violations to justice, thus denying victims the right to justice and restoration. These violators may be government officials or private individuals and they are often protected by special jurisdictions, sanctions, immunities, or amnesties. In 1945, at the Nuremberg Trials, which judged the accused war criminals of Nazi Germany, the international community pledged that never again would it allow monstrous crimes against humanity or genocide to take place. The United Nations recognized the need for an international criminal court to prosecute and punish persons responsible and to help end impunity for these perpetrators of the most serious crimes against humanity. In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. By 1951, int ernational treaties against genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity had entered into force, establishing a body of law known as International Humanitarian Law. On July 17, 1998, the international community reached a historic milestone through the adoption of the Rome Statute, the legal basis for establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC is the first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of crimesShow MoreRelatedCapital Punishment Of The United States Essay1680 Words   |  7 PagesIn our contemporary criminal justice system, capital punishment has been one of the most debated topic. Capital punishment is also known as the death penalty. It is a punishment by death of a person by the government, as a result of committing a vicious crime. The nature of the punishment raises a plethora of human-right case; therefore, it has led to its abolishment in many countries. In several countries, t he ending of capital punishment against juveniles has been accomplished through enforcementRead MoreThe Importance Of Capital Punishment In The United States990 Words   |  4 PagesSince 1976, the United States has executed 1,465 inmates primarily through the use of the electric chair and lethal injection (Statistics, 2017). Among the 31 states who currently have death penalty laws, the State of Texas leads all other states in the number of prisoners executed (545) since 1976 (Statistics, 2017). While Texas adorns the dubious distinction of executing the most prisoners, the State of California surpasses all other states in the union with the number of inmates (744) awaitingRead MoreThe Death Penalty Theu.s. State Of Texas1236 Words   |  5 PagesMy policy brief is looking at the continued use of the death penalty the U.S. state of Texas. The use of this punishment is a violation of Article 3 and Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is also a violation of the United States constitution 8th Amendment because of the pain cause from the lethal injection. This is also a human right violation because of the amount and uncertainty of the guilt and many people that are sitting on death row today. In order for the U.S. to beRead MoreThe Effect On Climate Change1577 Words   |  7 Pagesof the top ten producers of greenhouse gases are ranked from least to greatest: first China, United States, European Union, India, Russian Federation, Indonesia, Brazil, Japan, Canada, and lastly Mexico (Damassa, Friedrich, Ge 2014). Five out of ten originally signed the treaty (50%). The United States, at number two, vowed to reduce emissions by 93%. Yet the reduction made was lower than other nations. For example, the Russian Federation (seated at number five) committed to 100%, Japan (seatedRead MoreWoodrow Wilson s Nineteen Points895 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Fourteen Points† Analysis Before World War One much of Europe was expressing nationalism an ideology that â€Å"our† nation and people are better than the other nations and people who occupy them. With nationalism comes the glorification of militarism and having strong armies. When nations have strong military forces other nations become worried about their security. With fear among nations France, Russia and Great Britain joined together through treaties and became known as the Triple Entente. The FrenchRead MoreDeath to the Death Penalty1025 Words   |  5 Pagesthe right to life. The third article states that a person has the right not to be killed by any other human being, and this is where the nations that apply the death penalty are failing (Source 1). The death penalty or capital punishment is a legal process in which a person is executed as a punishment for committing a crime. It is still used in over 50 nations worldwide. Centuries before the Universal Declaration of Human Rights existed, important civilizations such as the Mesopotamian, Greek, andRead MoreCrime and Punishment in Various Countries1329 Words   |  4 PagesFive Works Cited The effectiveness of the United States criminal legal system has been questioned and scrutinized by the media and legal analysts for decades. Even with laws to lengthen sentences and to try younger offenders as adults, the overall crime rate in the nation is still on the rise. But why is it that in places like Iceland and Singapore crime rates are so low yet both countries have very contrasting criminal laws? It has been brought to my attention that Congress will attempt to createRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty1017 Words   |  5 PagesPosition Paper Country: Saudi Arabia Name: Lucas Falley Topic: Capital Punishment Background: Capital punishment, or the death penalty, has existed for thousands of years. For as long as there has been organized society, the death penalty has existed in numerous cultures and civilizations. Throughout the years the methods have changed, but the use of capital punishment is becoming a pressing matter. Amnesty International reports that there are 140 countries worldwide that have abolished the deathRead MorePersuasive Essay On Capital Punishment1723 Words   |  7 PagesCapital punishment is a form of execution sanctioned by the government as a form of punishment to the capital law offenders by the death penalty. The kind of criminal offenses that punishment is through death is the capital offenses to which include treason, genocide, espionage, murder, war crimes and crimes against humanity. This kind of sentence majorly aims at the major heinous crimes. This type of the penalty is majorly carried out through various means depending on the country in question.Read MoreThe Dea th Penalty Debate Essay1638 Words   |  7 Pages In the United States, the use of the death penalty continues to be a controversial issue. Every election year, politicians, wishing to appeal to the moral sentiments of voters, routinely compete with each other as to who will be toughest in extending the death penalty to those persons who have been convicted of first-degree murder. Both proponents and opponents of capital punishment present compelling arguments to support their claims. Often their arguments are made on different interpretations

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Ebay Is A Multinational E Commerce Organization - 944 Words

ompany: EBay is a multinational e-commerce organization headquartered in California, U.S. One of the inconceivable accomplishments in the website business is EBay. It gives extensive variety of products and services including however not constrained to online auctions. In a straightforward word, it is only a shopping site established by Pierre Omidyar. For him, EBay was only a side interest amid its beginning stage until higher activity on his site drove him to make it a business. Not long after much drive and acknowledgment, the organization opened up to the world in 1998 about a share price of $53.50. Taking after that came numerous different acquisitions, the most critical one being PayPal. Industry e-commerce The E-ecommerce organizations are arrangements that change the client adventure and help everybody comprehend client purchasing conduct and its powerless markets. Understanding the purchasing and offering practices inside of a huge number of exchanges crosswise over worldwide territories in one single stage is the most intense and fruitful commercial centers. Consumer to consumer e-commerce industry is a worldwide stage for any purchaser or customer. While most income originates from colossal number of exchanges, they increase enough from ads, auctions, reviews and so forth. Samples of such e-business incorporate Amazon, Etsy, Craigslist, Kickstarter, Taobao and so forth. EBay has for most part been singularly a C2C site. The business has been entered byShow MoreRelatedHow Ebay Is An American Multinational Corporation And E Commerce Company1508 Words   |  7 PagesOverview of the company: eBay is an American multinational corporation and e-commerce company, that provides consumer-to-consumer sale-services through the Internet. eBay was initially founded as an auction web by a computer programmer called Pierre Omidyar, and during the dot-com bubble it manage to prevail and it ended up being a notable success story. In September 1997, the company officially changed its name to eBay and in 1998 it went public. Today it is a multibillion-dollar businessRead MoreOverview Of Ebay Inc.854 Words   |  4 PagesOverview of the organization eBay Inc. is am American multinational corporation and e-commerce company, providing consumer-to consumer sales services via the internet. Its head quarter is located in San Jose, California. The founder of eBay is Pierre Omidyar (1995). It is a multibillion dollar business with operations localized in over thirty countries. The company manages, an online auction and shopping website in which people and business buy and sell a broad variety of goods and servicesRead MoreEbay Inc. Is An American Multinational Corporation And E Commerce Company1354 Words   |  6 PageseBay Inc. is an American multinational corporation and e-commerce company in which people buy and sell goods via Internet based auction style sales. is an e-commerce company that enables customers to sell their products and fulfill orders through the company’s websites and the seller s own websites. Both of these sites sell a wide range of products, from clothing and fashion accessories to l arge electronic goods. Though these two companies both began as an online-based company that linksRead MoreA Research On Collaborative Economy1851 Words   |  8 PagesJust like how ride-sharers rate each other on Uber, services such as e-bay an online platform also helps to build trust among the customers by putting up images of product review from eBay helps to build economy and making future transactions safer and trustworthy (cited by Masum and Tovey, 2011, Sacks, 2011a, Sacks, 2011b and Solove, 2007). According to Belk (2014), sharing implants a strong sense of community on online portals like e-bay where individuals acquire an opportunity to place bids, whichRead MoreHow Does Information Systems Enhance Business Strategy?1605 Words   |  7 Pagescommon aspects can be found. So a strategy could be explained as a chain of goal oriented decisions that match an organizations skills and resources with the opportunities and threats in its environment. There are four main areas of the above definition, 1. Should address organizations goals 2. ‘Involves what are we going to do’ and ‘how are we going to do it‘ decisions 3. Match organizations resources and capabilities with the environment it operates in 4. These decisions are a pattern in that they areRead MoreCase Study : Cultural Human Resource Management1361 Words   |  6 Pagesthe company founder and given a secret mission. They were told to develop a C2C Internet auction site within three months as a counter attack to the much-celebrated eBay entry into the Chinese market. The new company was named Taobao, to mean treasure hunting. Similarly, the mission was impossible. eBay became the goliath of the e-commerce world, with success recorded in the US and the prowess in the international operations and marketing (Hang et al. 2013). Besides, the company is adequately armedRead MoreIt Role in International Business1455 Words   |  6 PagesInformation technology is an important enabler of business success and innovation. International business International business is a term used to collectively describe all commercial transactions that take place between two or more nations. A multinational enterprise (MNE) is a company that has a worldwide approach to markets and production or one with operations in more than a country. Information technology’s role in international Business †¢ Information technology is everywhere in business †¢ AnyoneRead MoreAnalysis of Ebay China’s Failure and Suggestions to Ebay’s Return Strategy from the Perspective of Cross-Cultural Conflicts7600 Words   |  31 PagesAnalysis of eBay China’s Failure and Suggestions to eBay’s Return Strategy from the Perspective of Cross-cultural Conflicts 1. Introduction Along with the development of global economy, no one is unfamiliar with the word of globalization, and the world is filled with multinational-corporations. In such circumstances, those companies have realized that the necessary way to survive in the global market and maintain the competitive advantages is toRead MoreCase Study on Ebay18810 Words   |  76 Pagesanswer the following questions: 1.Till 2005, eBay EachNet was the leader in the Chinese e-commerce market, controlling more than half of it. But eBay EachNet soon lost its market leadership position to (Taobao). In this context, analyze the reasons that can be attributed to Taobao’s edge over eBay. 2.a. To enable people to trade with each other, Pierre Omidyar created a marketplace in September 1995 which was later called eBay. By mid 1997, eBay received one million page hits per week withRead MoreAlibaba.Com Case Study1496 Words   |  6 PagesSTRUCTURE: MULTIDOMESTIC STRATEGY †¢ Product characteristics tailored to local preferences †¢ Isolation from global competition Establish protected market position, compete in industry A STRATEGIC NETWORK A Strategic Network is a grouping of organizations that has been formed to create value via participation in a set of cooperative arrangements (such as a strategic alliance). A Strategic Centre Firm often manages the network. The Strategic Centre Firm identifies actions that increase the opportunity

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Southern Hospitality Free Essays

Imagine living near your entire family in your hometown. Imagine that one of those people is your 6 months pregnant fiancee. Now imagine the fact that you have just received a job opportunity some 900 miles away, and the best thing for your future family is to take that job. We will write a custom essay sample on Southern Hospitality or any similar topic only for you Order Now What would you do? There are three major things that affect you and your life when you move away from home. Those three things are, missing your family, adapting to new living conditions, and expanding your responsibilities as a person and eventually a parent. When you live any distance away from your family, you will miss them with varied amounts of difficulty. Some of us have no problem missing our families, however. When I was eighteen years old I joined the United States Air Force. My first duty assignment was RAF Mildenhall, England. After the first year I became accustomed to missing my family. The largest difference about this move from Michigan to Georgia was, in fact, that I was engaged and that my fiancee was six months pregnant with my son, Derek. This was the most difficult thing I had ever had to endure as a person. When I first moved, she didn’t immediately want to move with me because it was much easier to move by myself, because we had no money, and no place to live. Eventually, after about three months and the birth of our son, she moved down with the help of her parents, and grandparents. When I first arrived in Georgia, it was much hotter than Michigan. Remember now, that I’ve lived in two different places in my life. The first place was Michigan, with its icy and brash winters and mild to medium summers. The second place, being England, with is bone chilling still aired winters and extremely mild summers. Now we move to Georgia with its extremely tolerable winters and scorching hot summers. Think about the differences here and imagine how much anyone would have to adapt to those differences. When I first moved here I had a ratty old Ford Explorer with no air conditioning and only two windows that worked. There was an immediate difficulty trying to regulate body temperature when such extremes are encountered. One thing that helped adapt to it was the friendly people that the â€Å"south† is so famous for. Everywhere you went, someone would say, â€Å"How are you hun? † or â€Å"Can we get you something sweetie? † This is one thing that anyone could get used to experiencing every day. All of these things have helped me grow into a better person. When I found out that my fiancee was in labor, it was an unbearable situation to deal with. I was able to take off of work for two weeks so I could make the sixteen hour drive back to Michigan to be with my family and see the birth of my son. When I made it back, I was able to witness the birth of my son. It was the single-handed most exciting moment and day of my life. After the two week â€Å"vacation† I had to make the trip back to Georgia, again, without my family. Now if that doesn’t make your stomach churn, I’m not sure what will. That was the most difficult thing I’d ever had to do. Think about the things that make you who you are. If I am having difficulty with anything in my life, I think of my children and one simple verse. Philippians 4:13 which reads, â€Å"I can do all things in God who gives me strength. † How to cite Southern Hospitality, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Marketing Plan Jowakim Enterprises

Question: Discuss about the Marketing Plan for Jowakim Enterprises. Answer: Introduction: In addition to the market needs analysis there are offerings made in regards to the source 1 mortgages offerings made at present. A survey has been conducted and the following information was collected which was important services to the product lines. Home based capital lines of offering credit facilities. Debt services which will incorporate consolidation activities, Financial advisory and planning services, loans for construction in the aspect of financing on the mode of permanent and other phases in consideration. There will be another identifiable loan that will work best with bankruptcy and credit facilities. Investment property loans will be made affordable to the individuals willing to take them after a review and close scrutiny of the bank statement. I have been able to apply my knowledge, skills and also understanding to meet the clients expectations and this has helped me to incorporate the functions associated with other provisions of a quality practice. PEST analysis There are various factors that affect the business of mortgage broking such as the legal legislations imposed by the rule of land. The Australian prudential regulation authority is an example of those bodies that govern the entire business undertakings. Taxation aspect is considered detrimental as it keeps on fluctuating from time to time in unpredictable manner. The stamp duty is subject to change hence the company faces tremendous challenges in dealing with the regulatory requirements that pertains to the payment of fines and fees for levy. Industry regulations are another factor that makes Jowakim to remain behind in performance and delivery of services in the region where it operates. Economic factors are such as the interest rates fluctuations which tend to affect the decision of the investors and the overall creditworthiness of the customer is put to question. There are specific grants that are made in first home owners in respect to the wage movements and the unemployment circumstances. Social aspects that affect mortgage brokers are situations of having young children later in life as compared to the current condition. Technology is also present in that the comparison of software vending and back office in the aspect of processing the platforms. Competitive analysis The demand for service is at a considerable higher level five in number of ranking from the industry perspective, there are a number of other strong competitors with friendly and affordable mortgage rates. Direct competitors are those that Jowakim mortgage brokers are aware that they compete favorably in the industry of loans and mortgages. My competitors are targeting the employed youthful people who are designers and have got a strong taste and preferences when it comes to the issue of selecting a good home. To deviate from the intense competition the director and other senior officials are considering diversifying operations to incorporate other financial services to remain ahead of the competitors.(Newton, 2015) said that There are workshop systems which focuses on organizing market system that are individualized. The aspect of roleplaying has been used together with test driving hence working together with the coach to promote accountability. Former loan officers have been eliminated through giving them a pundit and advisory services. Instructors are utilized in the mortgage industry in all aspects. Networking Jowakim mortgage brokers have a formalized process of sales training program hence the companies standards are adhered with. There is a design of self-paced module and an accountability which is based online as a module. Thomas, J. (2014) said that the individual marketers will be a loan originator in the specific needs and the condition of the marketplace. Jowakim has incorporated a new system of providing lasting solutions to the referral business individuals. Marketers in the company should not only learn how to sell loans, our plan has been customized based on the past records and reference. A plan is formulated which augment actual performance as a considerable catalyst for the business patterns which are new. Jowakim has workshops which will focus entirely on assembling a good portfolio of the given solutions to enhance the needs of the target market place. Producers in this context have a maximum of 12 referrals and a follow up procedure is necessary to pave way for the follow up. Marketing ideas An introductory package is used to reflect the requirements for target market. There is also customized market system that facilitates mortgage loan officers to manage their sales in an effective manner. Automated systems in the company enhance that efforts available are giving the results. The manager has developed a time management system to maximize the amount of considerable time spent. Prospecting for clients Partitions of time are in 3 months and an approximate of 1 hour is available during the weekdays which will be specifically devoted to a particular outlined strategy. The marketing task is undertaken with keenness and full responsibility of all the parties involved. An established system does the record of the events that take place in the market and records. During the end of the period estimated to be three months there is definition of plans mostly for market purpose by the sales person. A list of contact is made ready by the departmental manager of the business developing team and marketers. The persons given the contacts are supposed to follow up for referral purposes and acquiring new business. This follow up strategy is useful in enhancing that performance is boosted to higher levels and thus promoting the activities of the entire brokers functionality. (Peterson, 2013) said that Professional relationships with referrals and the clients who are future clients is maintained by ensuring that there is conformity to the agreement made between the broker and the customer. Confidentiality is promoted by making sure that the documents which contain essential and important information are kept safe. Explanation to all the terms and conditions that prevail in the business is necessary to enable understanding and mutual benefit. Client retention Jowakim follows the guideline of marketing standards and adhere to the regulations as well as the government imposed rules.(Arnold, 2012) said Referrals are potential people when it comes to business developing and creating a new partner is necessary to gain revenue and ascertain the going concern of the entity. Long-term relationships are enhanced by updating the customers on a frequent basis. Companies aims at creating awareness of the rates that are revised as well as the now products at offer. A rapport of finance industry is a major monopolies and have an existence over a long period of time is necessary to incorporate the sales and also enhance utilization of the presentation skills as well as displaying and industry knowledge with clear regulations as it pertains to selling. References Arnold, P. (2012). Referrals are potential people when it comes to business developing and creating a new partner is necessary to gain revenue and ascertain the going concern of the entity. Herman press, Sydney. Peterson, L. (2013). Professional relationships with referrals and the clients who are future clients are maintained by ensuring that there is conformity to the agreement made between the broker and the customer. Newman press, Hungary. Thomas, B. (2014). The individual marketers will be a loan originator in the specific needs and the condition of the marketplace. Times press. Australia. Newton, M. (2015). There are workshop systems which focus on organizing market system that are individualized. Gotham press, England.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

The Nature, Transmission, Prevention, and Treatmen Essay Example For Students

The Nature, Transmission, Prevention, and Treatmen Essay t of the HIV/AIDSArthur Ashe is an admirable and well known American tennis player who won many championships. He became the first African American male to win the mens Wimbledon title in 1975. Also, he was on the United States Davis Cup team from 1963 until 1984. Some of his other major accomplishments include helping to form what is now the Association of Tennis Professionals and winning the Australian Open, the United States Open, and the French Open. Ashe lived a wonderful and successful life: however, in 1983, disaster struck! Ashe acquired an incurable disease through a tainted blood transfusion. This disease killed him in 1993. What is this incurable disease that still haunts the lives of so many people? This is a disease known as AIDS. AIDS is a fatal disease without a cure and a disease that responds to little treatment. How can the spread of AIDS be stopped? This paper will discuss the nature of the AIDS virus, the transmission and the prevention of transmission, as well as the available treatments for people with this disease. First of all, AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is acquired which means that it is not passed down from generation to generation through a persons genes. AIDS is a disease that attacks the immune system, a system in the body that produces white blood cells in order to fight off diseases. This disease causes the immune system to be deficient, or weakened, so that it cannot properly fight off diseases. AIDS is a syndrome, or a group of illnesses with many possible symptoms that can occur together in a weakened condition. AIDS is a pandemic, meaning that it can be found on all continents. The disease was discovered in 1983, by a French cancer specialist, Luc Montagnier, along with other scientists, at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. However, there were AIDS cases reported as early as the 1950s. The 80s will go down as the decade that AIDS began. We want to know, Why (Bevan 27)? One of the reasons is the promiscuity of sexually active people during the 1980s and the sharing of intravenous hypodermic needles and syringes by drug users. We will write a custom essay on The Nature, Transmission, Prevention, and Treatmen specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Secondly, AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. This virus attacks the antibodies in a persons immune system, thereby disabling that system. HIV works in an unusual way because it uses the immune system to its advantage. Viruses cannot live unless they are inside of a living cell called a host. The virus uses the host cell to reproduce themselves, causing the cell to die in the process. The new virii are then set free. The HIV virus attacks T4 lymphocytes, which are a special type of white blood cell. These cells are the bodys method of defense. Without them, humans are susceptible to disease and infection. It is not HIV that kills people, but the opportunistic infections people get because of a weakened immune system. Bevan characterizes HIV by saying, Its the sneakiest virus of all. It goes for the crucial link in the immune system, the cells at the heart of the fightback effort (Bevan 24). This is why HIV is so dangerous. Being HIV positive does not mean that a person has full-blown AIDS, and not everyone who gets HIV develops full-blown AIDS. When one fully develops AIDS, the signs and symptoms become more evident. These symptoms include: a failing immune system, persistent swollen lymph nodes and opportunistic infections (Stine 114). A common example of a skin disorder caused by AIDS is Kaposis sarcoma. That is, a multifocal, spreading cancer of connective tissue, principally involving the skin; it usually begins on the toes or the feet as reddish blue or brownish soft nodules and tumors (Stine 442). Lymph nodes are gland-like forms that help stop the spread of infection. When they become persistently swollen, one can develop lymphadenopathy syndrome or LAS. This condition can bring on mild symptoms of fever and weight loss. Other signs of full-blown AIDS include oral lesions such as thrush and hairy leukoplakia. People may also develop kidney disorders and gastrointestinal diseases like severe diarrhea that can cause weight loss. Sin ce AIDS is such a serious incurable disease, it is important to know how the disease is transmitted. One method of transmission is via bodily fluids by having sex. This includes all forms of sex: vaginal sex, anal sex, and oral sex. The transmission also occurs in many other sexual activities. The human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted through vaginal secretions in women to men by way of the bloodstream. In the same way, men can pass HIV to women in their semen. Men can also pass it to other men by way of bodily fluids if the men are bisexual or homosexual The more sexual partners one has, the greater the risk of contracting HIV. There is a saying, in terms of AIDS, that when you sleep with someone, you are in effect sleeping with all their partners over the past five years (Bevan 35). Another way that one can get HIV is by sharing hypodermic drug needles. Each time a person uses a needle and syringe, a tiny trace of blood is left inside (Bevan 10). The blood that is left i nside of this needle could contain HIV. When the HIV infected needle or syringe is inserted into ones body, the virus is able to travel into that persons bloodstream, thereby transmitting HIV. Even if the needle appears to be clean, it can still contain HIV infected blood. A drop of blood too small to be noticed can contain thousands of viruses (Bevan 11). Drug users have enough problems to worry about without having to worry about getting AIDS. However, many drug users continue to share their needles because of excuses, desperation, and because sharing needles has become a ritual to develop closeness. Some people believe that if they inject the needle into the right place and dont hit a vein that they will be safe. It doesnt matter where the needle is injected. As long as the needle is contaminated with HIV, there is a possibility of catching AIDS. Other drug users are so addicted and desperate that they would risk anything even their lives to get high. For some addicts, the chanc e of catching AIDS seems less important than missing the next fix (Bevan 15). Finally, some users share needles in order to feel accepted into the group. People who use drugs are often looking for something to belong to, and they will do anything to feel like they are part of a group. They feel that they need to share needles in order to experience a special bond between themselves and others. It has become a ritual. However, no matter what the reason is that one has to share drug needles, there is never a good one. It is also possible for someone to become infected with AIDS through a blood transfusion. Since a transfusion involves placing foreign blood directly into the recipients blood stream, the necessary condition for transmission is present, and that condition is the direct contact of potentially infected fluid with susceptible cells in the recipient. This is a method of AIDS transmission that the patient can do little about. Hemophiliacs who received blood transfusions befor e 1985 are the ones most at risk in this category. Today, there is only a small possibility of someone getting HIV through a blood transfusion. This is because in June of 1985, hospitals began screening blood to see if it was HIV infected (Flynn 64). Presently, there is only a small chance that the tests will not notice the virus in the blood. It is estimated that undetected HIV is present in fewer than one in four hundred fifty thousand to six hundred thousand units of blood (Microsoft Corporation 7). Technicians also pasteurize the blood to assure elimination of HIV. Another way for AIDS to be transmitted is from an infected mother to her baby, either before or during childbirth, or through breast-feeding. The blood supplies of the baby and the mother are closely linked during pregnancy. Even though the mothers and the childs bloodstream are separated by the placenta, preventing the exchange of cells, the exchange of nutrients, blood, and small particles like viruses are still exc hanged. HIV infection during pregnancy mainly occurs during the third trimester because of small tears which sometimes occur in the placenta. Current statistics indicate that there is about a 50% chance that an infected mother will produce an infected infant (Conner 149). Most infected children die before the age of five years (Conner 151). Even uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers have an incidence of heart problems 12 times that of children in the general population (Microsoft Corporation 7). It is important that people realize that they are not only putting themselves at risk, but also the lives of others. .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .postImageUrl , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:hover , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:visited , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:active { border:0!important; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:active , .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8730d035e6dc9ca8f107740af8a74abc:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: In Civil Disobedience EssayHowever, it is not possible for a person to contract AIDS by casual contact. AIDS cannot be transmitted by simply touching someone, going to school with someone, or even hugging someone. In order for HIV to be transmitted, an exchange of bodily fluids must occur. There is no other way. Additionally, HIV is unable to reproduce outside its living host; therefore, it does not spread or maintain infectiousness outside its host (Microsoft Corporation 7). It is also impossible for HIV to be spread by insects. Many people, however, believe that mosquitoes and other sucking insects can do so. However, HIV can only live for a short period of time outside of a cell, or host, and therefore, cannot infect the insect. So, if the insect is unable to be infected, then the insect is unable to infect human beings. Knowing the methods of transmission enables us to know how to prevent the AIDS virus. One way to prevent the spread of AIDS is by practicing abstinence or by having safe sex. Abstinence is defined as not having sex at all, and it is the safest practice. However, if one feels that he must have sex, then safe sex should be practiced. Safe sex involves the use of a condom, according to the instructions on the packet. Latex condoms are the best condoms to use. One should also limit his sexual partners. The more sexual partners one has, the higher the risk of contracting AIDS. There are also many other sexual activities with a lower risk ot her than having actual sexual intercourse. These activities include: self masturbation, dry kissing, mutual masturbation, and wet, deep kissing (Bevan 36). Anal sex is the riskiest form because the linings in the anus are more sensitive, and are more likely to tear, enabling HIV to travel into the body. If one refuses to practice abstinence or safe sex, he should be regularly examined by doctors in order to know if he has contracted AIDS or another sexually transmitted disease. By knowing, he can get treatment and can then be more careful when around others so that they will not get a disease, also. Another way to prevent AIDS transmission is by not handling or sharing any hypodermic drug needles. Many people do not believe that AIDS is transmissible by sharing drug needles because the HIV seems to be taken outside of the body first and then passed on. This does occur, however, it is in a syringe, and blood cells are not exposed to the environment because of this. Also, it is usuall y done within a very short period of time, usually within seconds, or, at most, minutes (Conner 150). Thus, the safest way would be not participating in any drug activity. Prevention of this mode of transmission involves breaking the link between individuals and the syringe. However, if drugs are used, and needles are shared, the needles should be properly sterilized. Having sterile needles available for free is in debate in many communities, and in some places in effect, especially in highly populated urban areas. A health worker says, Free needles will support the drug community, but arrest AIDS spread (Bevan 12). Finally, in order to prevent the spread of AIDS, one must be aware of the fact that it is possible for anyone to get HIV. Many people believe that AIDS is a disease for certain stereotypes such as homosexuals and drug abusers. However, this is not true. Anyone can get HIV, no matter who he is. As mentioned earlier, Arthur Ashe, one of the worlds best tennis players, cont racted HIV through a blood transfusion. He was not a homosexual and he did not share drug needles. However, he contracted HIV and it killed him. Another devastating case of AIDS was the well known movie star, Rock Hudson. Hudson is, a Hollywood legend and undisclosed homosexual. He was the first major public figure to reveal he had AIDS. Hudson died in 1985 at age 59 (Stine 59). Hudson, unlike Ashe, could have prevented his contraction of AIDS, however, he was frivolous and therefore contracted AIDS. If you ever have sex, use drugs in non-sterile needles, or come into contact with any form of bodily fluid, there is a possibility of contracting HIV. True, there are people who are more at risk than others. These people are:Hemophiliacs who received contaminated blood before 1985. People who have lived or traveled to Central Africa (over the last 15 years) and had sexual relationships there. Homosexual and bisexual men. People who share needles to inject drugs (Bevan 51). .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .postImageUrl , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:hover , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:visited , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:active { border:0!important; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:active , .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724 .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u35485b889ed6b7481eddce73a33a2724:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Persian Empire EssayHowever, just because one does not participate in any of these risky activities does not mean that he should not be careful. As stated before, one cannot tell if somebody has AIDS by looking at him. Therefore, people must be careful and protect themselves. Now that we know the methods of transmission, and the prevention of AIDS, we need to know what kind of treatments are available in case AIDS is acquired. One way to treat AIDS is by using a drug called retrovir zidovudine or asizidothymidine, which is commonly referred to as AZT. As stated earlier, AIDS is an incurable disease. There is also no vaccine for AIDS. The drug AZT can delay the progression of AIDS in some patients. Clinical benefits from AZT may be apparent within six weeks of therapy; and continued treatment prolongs survival (Stine 131). Also, new research shows that women with AIDS who receive AZT drug therapy during their pregnancies and give birth a C-section delivery may be providing their babies the best protection against HIV infection. Unfortunately, the drugs capability to prolong the life of an AIDS patient declines with time. Also, this drug does not stop the spread of HIV to other people. There are also other medicines available, and many are still in testing. Another form of treatment is alternating therapy. Alternating therapy consists of taking different drugs on and off. It gives peoples bodies an opportunity to mend from the side effects of each drug. Patients can alternate between AZT and other drugs. It is possible in some cases, not to suffer any side effects if the alternating drugs are taken correctly. Side effects can also be stopped before they start if alternating therapy is used. A further method of treatment for AIDS is treatment of the opportunistic infections caused by the breakdown of the immune system. Most commonly, people die from the cancers and other opportunistic infections caused from AIDS rather than from the virus itself. The most common opportunistic infection seen in AIDS is Pneumocytis carinii pneumonia (PCP), which is caused by a fungus that normally exists in the airways of all people (Microsoft Corporation 4). This is a serious, life-threatening disease. Therefore, the better the infections are treated, the longer the person may live. The bad point of this is, treatment for an OI is lifelong because of relapse if it is stopped (Stine 116). Since the immune system is what is being attacked, the body cannot fight off the disease without drugs. If treatment for opportunist infections is stopped, a relapse is almost definite. Some of the newest treatments include more antiviral therapies, immune system boosters, and triple drug therapy. These a re still in testing. Each new approach and drug must be extensively evaluated for safety and effectiveness. So far, the immune boosters are not very effective. These are used to help the immune system fight off HIV. However, the triple drug therapy, which consists of indinavir, zidovudine, and lamivudine, have been prosperous. Triple drug therapy, also known as cocktail therapy, can suppress HIV for at least two years. The main problem with these drugs is that testing is a long process. There have been many derogatory comments towards the FDA, or Federal Drug Administration, concerning the length of testing. Therefore, policies have changed in order to give quicker approval. However, early availability of a drug entails the risk that it may be used in people before its toxicity and side effects are fully understood (Stine 337). However, many people with AIDS are willing to take this risk with the hope that the drug may prove effective. In conclusion, AIDS is an incurable disease wit h few treatments, caused by HIV, transmitted by way of bodily fluids. AIDS is mainly transmitted through sex and sexual activities, and by sharing hypodermic drug needles. Sexual transmission is most dangerous if there are many sexual partners, and if there is not use of a condom. Transmission via blood transfusions has become almost absent, thanks to blood screenings. Scientists are working hard on treatments and are working for a cure, however, it is lacking to be found. A World Health Organization official says, AIDSwill test our fundamental values and measure the moral strength of our cultures (Bevan 6). We are the only ones who can stop this pandemic. There is a way. Curable? No. Treatable? To a limited extent. Preventable? By a vaccine, no but by changing our behavior, yes. This is how we must fight AIDS. Prevention is better than cure. And when theres no cure, prevention is all we have (Bevan 46, 56).

Friday, March 6, 2020

The Role of Sin in The Crucible Essays

The Role of Sin in The Crucible Essays The Role of Sin in The Crucible Paper The Role of Sin in The Crucible Paper Essay Topic: The Crucible Ours is a divided empire in which certain ideas and emotions and actions are of God, and their opposites are of Lucifer. It is as impossible for most men to conceive of a morality without sin as of an earth without sky (Miller 1252). This is the introduction of sin in the Puritan world in The Crucible, and how it is irrevocably entwined with virtue. Yet it is sin that is the driving force in Arthur Millers play, fully illustrating human nature: its limits and lack thereof. From the origins of the witch hunt in Abigails lust and its continuation in Thomas Putnams greed to its climax in John Proctors wrath, Arthur Millers play demonstrates the catastrophes that occur when an entire town is driven by sin. The Crucibles major events and characters are shaped by lust and envy, vanity, greed, and wrath. The entire Salem Witch Hunt is caused by the mutual lust between John Proctor and Abigail Williams, and her envy of Elizabeth Proctor that resulted from the affair. Although the play starts after the affair, the reader learns about it in a rather dramatic fashion, as Abigail shouts at John Proctor that I know how you clutched my back behind your house and sweated like a stallion whenever I came near! you loved me then and you do now! (Miller 1246). Peterson 2 It is clear that she still longs for him, in fact, she states it baldly that she lusts for him still- very unlike a proper Puritan girl. Proctor, very much aware of his black sin of lust and the stain upon his soul as a result, tries to absolve himself by denying it ever happened, which infuriates Abigail to no end: You loved me, John, and whatever sin it is, you love me yet! (Miller 1247). Indeed, it is Proctors awareness of his sins that causes him to initially confess his witchcraft near the end of the play: Miller describes Proctor as a sinner, a sinner not only against the moral fashion of the time, but against his own vision of decent conduct Proctor has come to view himself as a fraud (Johnson 71). He protests that he is not a saint yet, in the end, he cannot further discredit his name, and realizes that by declaring himself a witch, he condemns those to be hanged as witches as well. But the entire witch hunt was caused by the affair and Abigails resulting envy, that initially prompted the dancing and conjuring in the woods with Tituba and the girls; Reverend Parris caught them at it and sent his daughter Betty into shock, which sent rumors of witchcraft spiraling around Salem and the surrounding area. Abigail also drank blood as part of a charm to kill Elizabeth Proctor. This depravity all resulted from the sins of lust and envy, directly correlated in particular case, in the complicated love triangle of Elizabeth Proctor, John Proctor, and Abigail Williams. It was not only lust and sin that prompted the Salem Witch Trials, but also vanity. Vanity is, arguably, the least dangerous of all seven sins, yet in this case it is perhaps the most dangerous. Reverend Parris own veneration for his high position and reputation as preacher led him to fear discovery of witchcraft in his household; such that Abigails accusations of other women as witches in fact saves him. He thus encourages it, perhaps trying to weed out the parties in the church who dislike him as preacher. Judge Danforth is another guilty of Peterson 3 vanity, again with his reputation. Yet the cost of his vanity is much higher than that of Parris: although it is Parris who encouraged the witch hunt hysteria, it is Danforth who condemned or pardoned the witches. In Act IV, Danforth has the authority to postpone the hangings when doubt arises as to the authenticity of the witches due to hang the coming morning. Yet Danforth does not postpone the hangings, because any doubt raised about these witches would be doubt raised about the validity of the other witches already hanged: I will not receive a single plea for pardon or postponement Postponement now speaks a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast doubt upon the guilt of them that died till now (Miller 1324). Despite Hales urging and Parris pleas, Danforth refuses to budge- and more innocents are hanged due to his perverse sense of justice. It is Proctors vanity, however, that strikes one the most. His vanity, again of his reputation, prevents him from revealing the root cause of the witch hysteria, and that Abigail herself revealed to him no witchcraft is involved, merely dancing. It is not until the truth will not derail the hysteria, not until that it is too late, that Proctor realizes he needs to expose their affair, in order to discredit Abigail. Yet his effort fails; her hold over Salem is too great. Greed is yet another major sin that led to and continues the Salem witch hunt. Most notable, of course, is Abigail and her cohorts, with their evident greed for power. Merely by pointing fingers, screaming, fainting, and having fits they can declare anybody in town a witch- and the entire town, with the exception of a select few, believes them. Such power is heady, as they prove by wreaking their petty vengeances upon the town. Another figure worth noting with greed is Thomas Putnam. Miller writes, Land-lust which had been expressed before by constant bickering over boundaries and deeds, could now be elevated to the arena of morality; one could cry witch against ones neighbor and feel perfectly justified Peterson 4 in the bargain (Miller 1237), as Thomas Putnam illustrates. His daughter Ruth accuses George Jacobs, their neighbor who also holds land that Putnam covets, of being a witch. As Giles Corey points out in his deposition, If Jacobs hangs for a witch he forfeit up his property there is none but Putnam with the coin to buy so great a piece. This man is killing his neighbors for their land! (Miller 1299). Putnam, of course, denies it- and in the end it is Corey who is accused of being a witch, and killed by torture. As Blooms Major Dramatists bluntly puts it, Thomas Putnam is a vindictive man. He is the communitys strongest supporter of the trials, using them for personal vengeance (Bloom 61). Wrath is perhaps the most notable in The Crucible, being the most dramatic. The least noticed is the squabbling among the various factions in Salem, such as a land war between Francis Nurse and a Putnam. This grew into an actual battle in the woods that lasted for two days. In fact, Putnams signed the first complaint against Rebecca Nurse, Ruth Putnam first accused her of witchcraft, and even Mrs.Putnam joined the fray by accusing Rebecca of tempting her to iniquity (Miller 1248). Abigail, of course, appears again as guilty of yet another sin. Her wrath is apparent when Mary Warren betrays her and reveals that they were all merely pretending to see spirits. She quickly turns on Mary and accuses her of witchery, spotting a little yellow bird on the beam: to the ceiling, in a genuine conversation with the bird, as though trying to talk it out of attacking her: But God made my face; you cannot want to tear my face. Envy is a deadly sin, Mary (Miller 1312). Her wrath eventually achieves her aim: to scare Mary back into accusing witches with her, but has an unexpected consequence: John Proctor is accused of witchcraft. But before this, John Proctor finally comes to the court against Abigail with Mary Warren, Francis Nurse, and Giles Corey. One by one they are discredited by the judges, until John finally bursts: How do you call Heaven! Whore!

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

A Nestle breakfast cereal (market opportunities, product strategy and Essay

A Nestle breakfast cereal (market opportunities, product strategy and next steps) - Essay Example On the other hand, market remains competitive with competition from pastries, cereal bars and biscuits as well as porridges. It is interesting to note that the consumers over 50, given their need for greater convenience and behavior of eating more at home may be inclined towards â€Å"hot cereal† products. These hot cereals offer an even more convenient breakfast option for consumers along with a more portable â€Å"pot† format for the cereal. They also reflect the deep-seated cultural tradition of eating â€Å"hot oats† or â€Å"hot biscuits† across continental Europe (Culliney, 2013). Considering that individuals over 50 tend to prescribe to age-old traditions, this may seem just the right option. Our competitor, Kellogg’s, has already stepped into this market by providing its â€Å"Special K Nourish† product (Culliney, 2013). Considering that consumers over 50 years tend to use the microwave or steam for the preparation of their cereals, h ot cereals provide just the right opportunity to capitalize this. Furthermore, targeting the mental health of consumers over 50 presents a vast opportunity for breakfast cereals sellers. Although manufacturers have traditionally focused on good health of the brain and heart by providing low cholesterol, sugar or fats to this age bracket, it is now time to shift the focus towards catering to the cognitive areas of development in these individuals. Deterioration in mental health, such as Alzheimer’s disease, is common in the older segment; however, few companies have made claims in the area (Culliney, 2012). Considering that individuals over 50 years constitute a major proportion of purchases of breakfast cereals, a growth in the market for fortified cereals is anticipated. Further growth can be achieved by altering the ingredients used in these cereals. For instance, omega-3, linseed, chia seeds, flax seed and poppy seeds could be added to enrich the nutritional value of these breakfast cereals (Culliney, 2012). Fortified cereals that include special ingredients such as zinc, iodine and GABA could be provided to this age group. Most importantly, segmenting via age could be a misleading idea. It is wrong to assume that consumers aged 55-75, for instance, have similar needs because they do not (Culliney, 2012). For instance, it would be useful to create sub- segments in this age group such as thrivers, seniors, elders and survivors. Furthermore, individuals over 50 dislike the idea of being overtly targeted at on the basis of their age (Hought, 2008). Therefore, marketing should be aimed at health benefits or other perceived benefits of the cereal rather than age. 2. Product Strategy Nestle has not yet tapped the highly profitable segment of hot cereals. This comes as a surprise since our competitor, Kellogg’s, has already launched its hot cereal â€Å"pots† which could lure consumers over 50 looking towards microwave cereals. Therefore, our company shall introduce an entirely new product named â€Å"Nestle Live Long Hot Pots† which would offer greater indulgence for our over 50 consumers who spend longer time having breakfast. This product would not only be low in terms of calories but also low in sugar and, therefore, safe for individuals with diabetes in this target group. However, low calories shall not be the thrust of this product as consumers want high nutritional value and not just low